Week 17.11.2018 – 25.11.2018

Wednesday

Wilson Surface Central Charge

Regular Seminar Andy O'Bannon (University of Southampton)

at:
13:15 KCL
room S2.49
abstract:

M-theory is currently our best candidate for a theory of everything, but remains mysterious. We know M-theory has M2- and M5-branes. The low-energy theory on a stack of coincident M2-branes is well-understood: it is maximally supersymmetric Chern-Simons-matter theory. However, the low-energy theory on a stack of coincident M5-branes remains poorly-understood: it is a maximally supersymmetric theory of self-dual strings with zero tension. In this talk I will discuss one type of probe of the M5-brane theory, namely self-dual strings with infinite tension. These play a role analogous to Wilson lines in gauge theories, but are two-dimensional surfaces rather than lines, and hence are called Wilson surfaces. I will describe holographic calculations of entanglement entropy associated with these infinite-tension self-dual strings, from which we extract a key parameter characterizing them, their central charge. This provides a count of the number of massless degrees of freedom living on them, and thus may shed light on some of the fundamental degrees of freedom of M-theory.

Polygon Seminar: Hugh Osborn: Seeking fixed points

Triangular Seminar Hugh Osborn (DAMTP, Cambridge University)

at:
15:00 IC
room Blackett LT2
abstract:

Fixed points are crucial in understanding the RG flow of quantum field theories. The conformal bootstrap has proved a wonderful tool in determining the properties of CFTs at fixed points but tends to require guidance in terms of what symmetries to impose and what is the spectrum of relevant operators. Here I review what can be said in general by using the time honoured epsilon expansion. Although qualitatively this is not nowadays the most efficient method it provides qualitative information about possible fixed points. Finding fixed points which cannot be linked to the epsilon expansion could provide a clue to non Lagrangian theories.

Polygon Seminar: Exploring generalised dualities and integrable deformations

Triangular Seminar Daniel C Thompson (Swansea)

at:
16:30 IC
room Blackett LT2
abstract:

Extensions of target space T-duality to non-Abelian isometry groups and even to spaces without isometry have found recent utility within the AdS/CFT correspondence and have played a central role in the development of new classes of integrable string backgrounds called $\eta$ and $\lambda$-models. After a pedagogical introduction to the topic I will outline some recent results concerning the open sector of $\lambda$-models and the interpretation of these theories within the formalism of double field theory.

Thursday

Holographic relative entropy in infinite-dimensional Hilbert spaces

Regular Seminar Monica Kang (Harvard)

at:
14:00 QMW
room G O Jones 610
abstract:

Quantum error correction provides a convenient setup where bulk operators are defined only on a code subspace of the physical Hilbert space of the conformal field theory. I will first reformulate entanglement wedge reconstruction in the language of operator-algebra quantum error correction with infinite-dimensional physical and code Hilbert spaces. I will streamline my proof that for infinite-dimensional Hilbert spaces, the entanglement wedge reconstruction is identical to the equivalence of the boundary and bulk relative entropies. I will discuss its implications for holographic theories with the Reeh-Schlieder theorem.

Friday

Goldstone pairs at the Fermi surface

Exceptional Seminar Alberto Nicolis (Columbia)

at:
14:00 IC
room H503
abstract:

I will adapt the Goldstone theorem to spontaneously broken boosts, and show that, while still predicting gapless Goldstone states, it is quite forgiving regarding the nature of such states. In particular, I will show that while for solids and superfluids the role of the boost Goldstone states is played by phonon single-particle states, for a Fermi liquid such a role is played by the particle-hole continuum, that is, by two-particle states.